About St. Paul, Minnesota, United States.

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About St. Paul for St. Paul, Minnesota and Area

When you want to know St. Paul, Minnesota

Overview of St. Paul, Minnesota, United States

St. Paul is the capital city of the state of Minnesota. A proud US city, St. Paul is the county seat of Ramsay County. The city was founded near historic Native American settlements, and in the past was used as a trading and transportation center. St. Paul rose to prominence in 1849 when it earned the title of capital of the Minnesota Territory. Minneapolis helped St. Paul to gain more national recognition. However, Saint Paul is an important city on its own, as it contains many important institutions, as well as, the state's political activity. Locally, the city is known for the Xcel Energy Center, home of the NHL's Minnesota Wild, and also for the Science Museum of Minnesota. St. Paul is largely a business hub for the greater Upper Midwest. The city is the headquarters for numerous companies, such as The Travelers Companies and Lawson Software. Originally, the settlement began at present-day Lambert's Landing, which previously was referred to as Pig's Eye's Landing. This was the spot where Pierre "Pig's Eye" Parrant established a popular tavern. In 1849, when Minnesota became a territory, the city leaders decided that a place called Pig's Eye might not inspire civic confidence, and thus changed the city's name to Saint Paul, named after Saint Paul's Chapel.

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  • Population: 287,151
  • Population Density: 6,722/mi²
  • Area: 56.2/mi²
  • Latitude: 44.9441
  • Longitude: ,-93.0852
  • Weather: See Forecast
  • Elevation: 702 ft
  • Time Zone: CST
  • Language: English
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History of St. Paul, Minnesota

The burial mounds that appear in present-day Indian Mounds Park suggest that the St. Paul area was originally inhabited by the Hopewell Native Americans about 2000 years ago. Since the beginning of the 17th century until 1837 the Mdewakanton Dakota, a tribe of the Sioux, lived near the mounds. The Sioux named the area I-mni-za ska dan ("little white rock") based on the exposed white sandstone cliffs. Fort Snelling was built on the territory in 1819 where the Mississippi and Minnesota Rivers intersect. The signed in1837 Treaty with the Sioux gave all local tribal land east of the Mississippi to the U.S. Government. Following this, fur traders, explorers, and missionaries came to the St. Paul area to be under Fort Snelling's protection, many were French Canadians. Later, as whiskey trades flourished, military officers banned settlers from fort-controlled lands. Pierre "Pig's Eye" Parrant, a retired fur trader-turned-bootlegger, set up his tavern, called the Pig's Eye, near present-day Lambert's Landing. Come the 1840s, the community had developed into an important trading center and a destination for settlers heading west. Locals called the area Pig's Eye (French: L'œil du Cochon) or Pig's Eye Landing after Parrant's popular tavern. In 1841, Father Lucien Galtier came to the area to minister to Catholic French Canadians. He established a chapel on the bluffs just above Lambert's Landing, and named it after his favorite saint, Paul the Apostle. It was Galtier's hope that the settlement would adopt the name St. Paul in honor of the new chapel. In 1849, the Minnesota Territory was formalized and St. Paul named as capital. On May 11, 1858, Minnesota became the thirty-second state, claiming Saint Paul as its capital.

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St. Paul's Demographics

St. Paul's earliest inhabitants occupied the area since about 400 A.D. and were members of the Hopewell tradition. This group of natives buried their dead in mounds; these mounds can be found throughout present day Indian Mounds Park. Next came the Mdewakanton Dakota. During the 17th century the Dakota fled their northern Minnesota home at Mille Lacs Lake due to the westward expansion of the Ojibwe. The 1800's drew French Canadian explorers to the region, attracting fur traders to the area. It was Fort Snelling and Pig's Eye Tavern which brought the first Yankees from New England. Soon after, St. Paul became home to many English, Irish, and Scottish immigrants settled nearby after being discharged from the military. Early settlers built houses on the north of the river. The first wave of immigration had primarily Irish settlers, who occupied an area called Connemara Patch. This area, found along the Mississippi, was named for their home in Connemara Ireland. St. Paul also had many settlers from Sweden, Poland, Italy and Mexico. The percentage of people who specified European ancestry in the 2000 Census, was 21.5% (73,265) German, 10.8% (36,699) Irish and 7.0% (24,035) Norwegian. However, almost all other European ancestries were somewhat represented. Mexican immigrants have settled in West side of St. Paul since the 1930s. Since then the Mexican population has grown so large that Mexico opened a foreign consulate in 2005. Those claiming religious affiliation are primarily Christian, split between the Roman Catholic Church and various Protestant denominations. The great Roman Catholic presence comes from the large numbers of Irish, German, Scottish, and French Canadian settlers, who once occupied the area. St. Paul is also home to Jewish synagogues such as Mount Zion Temple and relatively small populations of Hindus, Muslims, Buddhists, and Pagans. The U.S. Census from 2000 found that there were 287,151 people, 112,109 households, and 60,987 families residing in St. Paul. The areas racial makeup was 67.02% White, 11.71% African American, 1.13% Native American, 12.36% Asian (mostly Hmong and Vietnamese), 0.07% Pacific Islander, 3.84% from other races, and 3.87% from two or more races. The median income for a household in the city was $38,774. Unfortunately, about 15.6% of the population lived below the poverty line at the time of the census.

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St. Paul's Climate

St. Paul is known to have a continental climate, typical of the Upper Midwestern United States. Winters are usually cold and dry. Summer is comfortable and warm. At times the city can experience hot and humid weather. According to the Köppen climate classification, St. Paul is part of the warm summer humid continental climate zone (Dfa). Throughout the seasons St. Paul experiences a full range of precipitation and related weather events. The city has encountered snow, sleet, ice, rain, thunderstorms, tornadoes and fog. St.Paul's northern location in the United States combined with a lack of large bodies of water to moderate the air, occasionally subjects the city to cold Arctic air masses. This is most common during late December, January and February. The average annual temperature is about 45.4 °F (7 °C) which gives the Minneapolis–Saint Paul metropolitan area the coldest annual mean temperature of any major metropolitan area in the continental U.S.

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Education in St. Paul, Minnesota

St. Paul has the second highest number of higher education institutions per capita in the entire United States. Educational institutions that call St. Paul home include three public and eight private colleges and universities, and five post-secondary institutions. St. Paul is home to the College of Saint Catherine, Concordia University, Hamline University, Macalester College, and the University of St. Thomas. Non- traditional students attend either Metropolitan State University or Saint Paul College. The city has two law schools, William Mitchell College of Law and Hamline University School of Law. The Saint Paul Public Schools district serves around 42,000 students and is the state's second largest school district. St. Paul is an extremely diverse district with students speaking over 70 different languages. Four languages are used for most school communication; English, Spanish, Hmong and Somali. Within the district there are 67 different schools, 48 elementary schools, eight middle schools, seven high schools, three alternative schools and one special education school. Together St. Paul's schools employ over 6,500 teachers and staff. The St. Paul school district is responsible for overseeing community education programs for pre-K and adult learners. This includes Early Childhood Family Education, GED Diploma, language programs and various additional learning opportunities for community members of all ages. St. Paul was the first U.S. city to open a charter school in 1992. Now charter schools can be found in states across the U.S. Currently, St. Paul has 21 charter schools and 38 private schools.

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Transportation around St. Paul, Minnesota

St. Paul residents utilize Interstate 35E, which runs north-south, and Interstate 94, which runs east to west. U.S. Highway 52, Minnesota State Highway 280, and Minnesota State Highway 5 also serve the metropolitan area. St. Paul has several unique road, Ayd Mill Road and Shepard Road/Warner Road, these run diagonally and follow particular geographic features in the city. Locally, Metro Transit provides bus service and connects the city to the Hiawatha Line light rail. Downtown St. Paul has a five mile (8 km) enclosed skyway system which covers over twenty-five city blocks, it is used mainly by pedestrians. Biking is also popular; throughout the city there are paved bike lanes that connect other bike routes throughout the metropolitan area. In the past, the layout of city streets and roads has often drawn complaints. While Governor of Minnesota, Jesse Ventura appeared on the Late Show with David Letterman and brought up the city's roadways. Ventura remarked that the streets had been designed by "drunken Irishmen," but later apo9logized for this comment. However, locals had been complaining about the fractured grid system for more than a century already. The road design throughout the city is the result of the curve of the Mississippi River. Outside of the downtown core the roads are less confusing. The train is another form of transportation used by St. Paul residents. Ridership on the train is increasing, in 2007 it rose 6 percent to over 505,000. Saint Paul is served by the 3,400 acres Minneapolis-Saint Paul International Airport (MSP), located southwest of the city on the west side of the Mississippi River. The airport has three international, twelve domestic, seven charter and four regional carriers that it serves. It is also the home for Northwest Airlines, Mesaba Airlines and Sun Country Airlines. St. Paul also has the St. Paul Downtown Airport , which can be found just south of downtown, across the Mississippi River. This airport is also known as Holman Field, and acts primarily as a reliever airport. It is run by the Metropolitan Airports Commission. The St. Paul downtown airport houses Minnesota's Air National Guard and is tailored to local corporate aviation. Here there are three runways that serve about 100 resident aircraft and a flight training school.

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Tourism and Attractions of St. Paul

Come the winter, St. Paul holds the Saint Paul Winter Carnival, a tradition which originated in 1886 when a New York reporter called Saint Paul "another Siberia." The Carnival is attended by 350,000 visitors annually, and showcases ice sculpting, winter food, activities, and an ice palace. Year round the Como Zoo and Conservatory and adjoining zoo and Japanese Garden are popular tourist attractions. The historic Landmark Center is located downtown and hosts cultural and arts organizations events. Notable recreation in and around St. Paul include Indian Mounds Park, Battle Creek Regional Park, Harriet Island Regional Park, Highland Park, the Wabasha Street Caves, Lake Como, Lake Phalen, and Rice Park. St. Paul is associated with the Minnesota State Fair located in neighboring Falcon Heights.

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Surrounding Communities

  • St. Paul
  • Saint Paul
  • Afton
  • Bayport
  • Cottage Grove
  • Hugo
  • Lakeland
  • Lake Elmo
  • Oak Park Heights
  • South St. Paul
  • Stillwater
  • St. Paul Park
  • White Bear Lake

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Geography of St. Paul, Minnesota

Both St. Paul's history and the city's growth as a landing port are tied to the water. The city's defining physical characteristic, the Mississippi River and connecting Minnesota Rivers were carved into the region during the last ice age. Receding glaciers and Lake Agassiz ten thousand years ago fed into Minnesota's present day rivers. Torrents of water from a glacial river undercut the river valleys. St. Paul is situated in east-central Minnesota. A municipal boundary is formed on the west, southwest and southeast sides by the Mississippi River. Minneapolis lies to the west of St. Paul and Falcon Heights, Lauderdale, Roseville, and Maplewood are north. The cities of West Saint Paul and South Saint Paul are to the south of the city. Across the river you find Lilydale, Mendota and Mendota Heights to the south. St. Paul's largest lakes are Pig's Eye Lake, Lake Phalen and Lake Como. The United States Census Bureau notes St. Paul as having a total area of 56.2 square miles (145.5 km²). 52.8 square miles (136.7 km²) is land and 3.4 square miles (8.8 km²) of it (6.07%) being water.

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St. Paul's Government

St. Paul is governed by a variation of the strong mayor-council form of government . The mayor is the chief executive and chief administrative officer for the city and has seven members of the local city council act as the legislative body. The mayor is elected by the city of St. Paul. Conversely, members of the city council are elected from seven different geographic wards of equal populations. Both the mayor and council members serve four-year terms. Currently the mayor of St. Paul is Chris Coleman (DFL). The city is the county seat for Ramsey County, which once spanned much of the present-day metropolitan area and was originally to be named Saint Paul County after the city. Presently, Ramsey is geographically the smallest county but is the most densely populated. The Law Enforcement Center is home also to the Ramsey County Sheriff's office. St Paul is the capital of the state of Minnesota and is the location of the capitol building, as well as, the House and Senate office buildings. The Minnesota Governor's Residence, which is commonly used for state functions, can be found on Summit Avenue. Minnesota's two major political parties are headquartered in Saint Paul. They are the Minnesota Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party (affiliated with the Democratic Party) and the Republican Party of Minnesota. Federally, St. Paul is in Minnesota's 4th congressional district, and is proudly represented by Betty McCollum, a Democrat. In the Senate, Minnesota is represented by Norm Coleman, formerly mayor of St. Paul, and Amy Klobuchar, formerly a Hennepin County Attorney.

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St. Paul's Economy and Industry

As of July 2008 the greater St. Paul area employs 1,570,700 people in the private sector, 82.43 percent of which work in private service jobs. Many major corporations call St. Paul home, including The Travelers Companies, a major insurance firm, Ecolab, a chemical and cleaning product company, Securian Financial Group Inc., Lawson Software and Gander Mountain, a retailer of sporting goods which operates 115 stores in 23 states. St. Paul is home to the Ford Motor Company, which opened the Twin Cities Assembly Plant in 1924.

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St. Paul's Culture and Significant Events

St. Paul is the birthplace of cartoonist Charles M. Schulz, creator of Peanuts. Schulz lived in Merriam Park until 1960. In the late 1990's the St. Paul Chamber of Commerce promoted Schulz' cartoon by placing giant Peanuts sculptures around the city. Other notable St. Paul inhabitants include playwright August Wilson who lived in the city from 1978 until 1990. During his time in St. Paul, Wilson wrote many of his plays about the African-American experience in the 20th century. They premiered locally at the Penumbra Theatre. Other 20th century infamous St. Paul residents include renowned painter LeRoy Neiman and photographer John Vachon. In town, the Ordway Center for the Performing Arts hosts theater productions and the Minnesota Opera regularly. The RiverCentre, attached to Xcel Energy Center, serves as St. Paul's convention center. Having a large Irish population throughout its history, St. Paul has numerous popular Irish pubs with live music, local favorite include Shamrocks and O'Gara's. The Saint Paul Chamber Orchestra is the nation's only full-time professional chamber orchestra. Saint Paul hosts a number of museums including the Minnesota Children's Museum, The Schubert Club Museum of Musical Instruments, The Minnesota Museum of American Art, The Traces Center for History and Culture, The Minnesota History Center, and The Twin City Model Railroad Museum.

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Sports in St. Paul, Minnesota

Locally Parks and Recreation runs over 1,500 organized sports teams within St. Paul. Parks and Recreation is responsible for 160 parks and 41 recreation centers throughout St. Paul. The city hosts a number of professional, semi-professional and amateur sports teams. The NHL's Minnesota Wild and the Minnesota Swarm both play home games downtown at the Xcel Energy Center. The centre was first built for the Wild in 2000. In 2007, Sports Illustrated called St. Paul the new Hockeytown U.S.A. The Xcel Energy Center, serves as a multi-purpose entertainment and also as a sports venue. The centre can be converted to host concerts and accommodate nearly all types of sporting events. It is located on the site of the demolished Saint Paul Civic Center and hosts the Minnesota high school boy's hockey tournament. The centre was named the best overall sports venue in the U.S. by ESPN in 2007. The city's semi professional baseball team is called the St. Paul Saints. The team was originally founded in 1884, and shut down in 1961, after the Minnesota Twins moved to Minneapolis. The St. Paul Saints came back to the city in 1993 as an independent team in the Northern League of the American Association. Games are played at Midway Stadium in Energy Park at the northwest end of the city. St. Paul was home to four Major League All Star baseball players: Hall of Fame outfielder Dave Winfield, Hall of Fame infielder Paul Molitor, pitcher Jack Morris and catcher Joe Mauer. The St. Paul Twin Stars of the National Premier Soccer League play their home games at James Griffin Stadium. Curling has long been a part of the St. Paul community; the first club was founded in 1888. The current club, the Saint Paul Curling Club, was founded in 1912 and is the largest curling club in the United States.

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Media of St. Paul

There are 10 broadcast television stations serving St. Paul. Print publishing includes, one daily newspaper, the St. Paul Pioneer Press, two weekly neighborhood newspapers, the East Side Review and City Pages, and several monthly neighborhood papers which also serve the city. Many local media outlets in Minneapolis also serve the St. Paul community. St .Paul is also home to Minnesota Public Radio (MPR), broadcasts on nearly 40 stations around the Midwest. MPR locally delivers news and information. The station has 94,000 members and more than 800,000 listeners tune in each week throughout the Upper Midwest. MPR has the largest audience of any regional public radio network.

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